San José, Jul 22 (elmundo.cr) – The Ministry of Health launched the National Strategic Plan for the Health of Adolescents 2021-2030 (PENSPA), which promotes comprehensive and differentiated health care for adolescents, reducing the gaps in access and quality of the different promotion, prevention and care services in mental health, violence, malnutrition, cancer, sex education and pregnancy.
The launch was held at the Presidential House, with the presence of the President of the Republic, Carlos Alvarado Quesada, the Minister of Health, Daniel Salas; the Minister of the Condition of Children and Adolescents and Executive President of PANI, Gladys Jiménez, and the Vice Minister of Health, Alejandra Acuña.
In addition, as part of the population that is impacted by the new PENSPA, the president of the Fundación Proyecto Daniel, Ligia Bobadilla, as well as adolescents from the project and from public schools and the President of the Patient Federation, Vivian Leal, were present.
In order to integrate within the PENSPA, a plan that allows a comprehensive approach to adolescents facing cancer, and that includes early, timely and comprehensive detection and care, a Consultation Workshop with key informants from public institutions and services that would be involved in the different levels of institutional response.
That is why, taking into account the best practices derived from the 2010-2018 Plan, the new version 2021-2030 aims to bring health services closer to all people between 10 and 19 years of age, under an approach that integrates the entire institutionality involved and according to the needs and conditions of this population.
It seeks to create friendly or differentiated spaces that are particular for the care of adolescents, including those facing cancer, so that they can have early, timely and comprehensive care of the disease.
The actions promoted in the previous version of PENSPA (2010-2018) contributed to the reduction in the number of births in adolescents, which decreased by 6%, from 13,256 cases in 2010, to 9,531 cases of adolescent maternity in the 2018 and it is expected that by 2030 it will drop to 2%.
These positive results are the product of said comprehensive care given to the adolescent population through the involvement of different institutions, the approach with regionalized approaches and the collaboration of youth promoters.
For his part, the President of the Republic, Carlos Alvarado, stressed that, as a result of a visit by Proyecto Daniel to the Presidential House, he evidenced the need for a specific health approach for adolescents with cancer. “This generation is the generation of light, it is the one that can make us take a qualitative leap, a leap that we are going to be better human beings and this policy is directed in that direction.”
The young Sofía Güemes, from Proyecto Daniel, thanked the Costa Rican hospital system, the organization for the support during her cancer process and the president for having received them last year to listen to her needs. “I am very grateful for this important plan and I thank all the young people with cancer and especially those of us who are part of Proyecto Daniel.”
«The new PENSPA 2021-2030 seeks to expand the geographic and institutional scope of these good practices that have yielded excellent results, with wide receptivity from adolescents. With the commitment of public institutions, we can promote better care for adolescents every day, with the aim of making them feel welcome to use the health services offered by the State, ”said the Vice Minister of Health, Alejandra Acuña .
For the Minister of Children and Adolescents, Gladys Jiménez «this strategic plan becomes a tool to guarantee the integral development of adolescents, because it defines the actions of the institutions called to promote and guarantee the rights to physical health and mental, sexual and reproductive health, nutritional health and protection ”.
The Ministry of Health will be in charge of coordinating the National Strategic Plan for the Health of Adolescents, which will be followed up through a new inter-institutional commission created for that purpose and made up of the Costa Rican Social Security Fund, the Council National Childhood and Adolescence, the National Children’s Trust, the Institute on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, the Inter-institutional Council for Adolescent Mothers and the Ministries of Public Education, Planning and Health, who must follow up on the different indicators and results , as well as identifying and promoting the necessary measures to correct obstacles or risks that arise in the implementation of PENSPA 2021-2030.